Science Publications

Recent Publications

A Putative ABC Transporter Permease is Necessary For Resistance to Acidified Nitrite and EDTA in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Under Aerobic, Anaerobic, Planktonic or Biofilm Conditions

Authors

Cameron McDaniel, Warunya Panmanee, Shengchang Su, Renuka Kapoor, Kevin Cox, Andrew Paul, Gee Lau, Seung-Hyun Ko, Joel Mortensen, Joseph S. Lam, Daniel Muruve and Daniel Hassett

Details

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is an important airway pathogen of cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive disease patients. Multiply drug resistant PA is becoming increasing prevalent and new strategies are needed to combat such insidious organisms. We have previously shown that a mucoid, mucA22 mutant PA is exquisitely sensitive to acidified nitrite (A-NO2-, pH 6.5) at concentrations that are well tolerated in humans. Here, we used a transposon mutagenesis approach to identify PA mutants that are hypersensitive to A-NO2-. Among greater than 10,000 mutants screened, we focused on PA4455, in which the transposon was found to disrupt ...
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Peptide-Mediated PEGylation of Polysulfone Reduces Protein Adsorption and Leukocyte Activation

Authors

Noah G.G. Muruve, Y. Frank Cheng, Yuanchao Feng, Tao Liu, Daniel A. Muruve, Daniel J. Hassett, Randall T .Irvin

Details
Abstract

The exposure of blood to bio-incompatible materials used for dialysis triggers leukocyte activation and protein adsorption. We describe a single-step, post-manufacturing method for surface modification to create biomaterials used in medical devices and dialysis with altered surface characteristics. Peptides derived from the receptor-binding domain of the type IV pilin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were synthesized using L and D-amino acids to generate L-K122-4, enantiomer D-K122-4, and D-retroinverso RI-K122-4 peptides. L-K122-4, D-K122-4, and RI-K122-4 peptides, but not control peptides, bound durably to the surfaces of materials used in medical devices and dialysis including silicone and polysulfone. D-K122-4 ...
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A peptide-stainless steel reaction that yields a new bioorganic-metal state of matter

Authors

Elisabeth M Davis, Dong-Yang Li, Randall T Irvin

Details
Abstract

A synthetic peptide derived from the native protein sequence of a metal binding bacterial pilus was observed to spontaneously react with stainless steel via a previously unreported type of chemical interaction to generate an altered form of stainless steel which we term bioorganic stainless steel. Bioorganic stainless steel has a significantly increased electron work function (4.9 ± 0.05 eV compared to 4.79 ± 0.07 eV), decreased material adhesive force (19.4 ± 8.8 nN compared to 56.7 ± 10.5 nN), and is significantly harder than regular 304 stainless steel (~40% harder). A formal or semi-formal organo-metallic covalent bond is generated between a pilin receptor binding domain and stainless ...
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